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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 155-161

Reliability and validity study of a tool to measure cancer stigma: Patient version


1 Nursing Department, Health Sciences Faculty, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Cigli-Izmir, Turkey
2 Outpatient Clinic Nurse, Medical Oncology, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir Kâtip Celebi University, Cigli-Izmir, Turkey
3 Education Research Department İzmir Public Association, Izmir Kâtip Celebi University, Cigli-Izmir, Turkey
4 Medical Oncology Department, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir Kâtip Celebi University, Cigli-Izmir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Medine Yilmaz
Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Cigli-Izmir
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/apjon.apjon_10_17

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Objective: The aim of this methodological study is to establish the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of “A Questionnaire for Measuring Attitudes toward Cancer(Cancer Stigma)-Patient version.” Methods: The sample comprised oncology patients who had active cancer treatment. The construct validity was assessed using the confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis. Results: The mean age of the participants was 54.9±12.3years. In the confirmatory factor analysis, fit values were determined as comparative fit index=0.93, goodness of fit index=0.91, normed-fit index=0.91, and root mean square error of approximation RMSEA=0.09(P<0.05) (Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin=0.88, χ2=1084.41, Df=66, and Barletta's test P<0.000). The first factor was “impossibility of recovery and experience of social discrimination” and the second factor was “stereotypes of cancer patients.” The two-factor structure accounted for 56.74% of the variance. The Cronbach's alpha value was determined as 0.88 for the two-factor scale. Conclusions: “A questionnaire for measuring attitudes toward cancer(cancer stigma)-Patient version” is a reliable and valid questionnaire to assess stigmatization of cancer in cancer patients.


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