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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 300-307

Knowledge and Behavior of University Students toward Human Papillomavirus and Vaccination


1 Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Pamukkale University, Kınıklı Campus, Denizli, Turkey
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecologic Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Pamukkale University, Kınıklı Campus, Denizli, Turkey
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecologic, Medical Faculty, Pamukkale University, Kınıklı Campus, Denizli, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
İlgun Ozen Cinar
Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Pamukkale University, Kınıklı Campus, Denizli
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/apjon.apjon_10_19

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Objectives: Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer. This study aimed to determine the knowledge and attitude of university students toward HPV infection and vaccine prevention in Turkey. Methods: A total of 1563 female and male university students participated in the study. The study design was descriptive and cross-sectional. The study included students enrolled in the departments of faculties and vocational schools. Results: In total, 16.8% of students stated that they had heard of HPV. There was a statistically significant relationship between the mean awareness of HPV and different variables, such as age, gender, marital status, family history of cancer, and conversation about sexual matters (P < 0.01). As the age of the students increased, the chance of hearing about HPV also increased. Of all the students, 1.5% took HPV vaccination. Furthermore, 87.7% of the female students stated that they had heard of cervical cancer. Conclusions: The depth of knowledge among Turkish university students toward cervical cancer, HPV infection, and vaccination was inadequate. It is important to provide educational and counseling services by nurses to make university students aware of HPV infection and vaccination.


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