|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 73-85
New Insights into Potential Prevention and Management Options for Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy
Janet Schloss1, Maree Colosimo2, Luis Vitetta3
1 Mater Private Breast Cancer Centre, Mater Hospital; Office of Research, Endeavour College of Natural Health, University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
2 Mater Private Breast Cancer Centre, Mater Hospital; Medical Oncology Group of Australia, Clinical Oncology Society of Australia, Queensland Clinical Oncology Group, Brisbane, Australia
3 Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006; Medlab Clinical, Sydney, Australia
|Date of Submission||10-Sep-2015|
|Date of Acceptance||21-Oct-2015|
|Date of Web Publication||7-Mar-2016|
Mater Private Breast Cancer Centre, Mater Hospital; Office of Research, Endeavour College of Natural Health, University of Technology, Brisbane
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Objective: Neurological complications such as chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) and neuropathic pain are frequent side effects of neurotoxic chemotherapy agents. An increasing survival rate and frequent administration of adjuvant chemotherapy treatments involving neurotoxic agents makes it imperative that accurate diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of these neurological complications be implemented. Methods: A consideration was undertaken of the current options regarding protective and treatment interventions for patients undergoing chemotherapy with neurotoxic chemotherapy agent or experience with CIPN. Current knowledge on the mechanism of action has also been identified. The following databases PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, CNKI, and Google Scholar were searched for relevant article retrieval. Results: A range of pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and herbal medicine treatments were identified that either showed efficacy or had some evidence of efficacy. Duloxetine was the most effective pharmaceutical agent for the treatment of CIPN. Vitamin E demonstrated potential for the prevention of cisplatin-IPN. Intravenous glutathione for oxaliplatin, Vitamin B6 for both oxaliplatin and cisplatin, and omega 3 fatty acids for paclitaxel have shown protection for CIPN. Acetyl-L-carnitine may provide some relief as a treatment option. Acupuncture may be of benefit for some patients and Gosha-jinki-gan may be of benefit for protection from adverse effects of oxaliplatin induced peripheral neuropathy. Conclusions: Clinicians and researchers acknowledge that there are numerous challenges involved in understanding, preventing, and treating peripheral neuropathy caused by chemotherapeutic agents. New insights into mechanisms of action from chemotherapy agents may facilitate the development of novel preventative and treatment options, thereby enabling medical staff to better support patients by reducing this debilitating side effect.
Keywords: Bortezomib, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, cisplatin, management, neuropathic pain, prevention, taxane, treatment, vincristine
|How to cite this article:|
Schloss J, Colosimo M, Vitetta L. New Insights into Potential Prevention and Management Options for Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy
. Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs 2016;3:73-85
|How to cite this URL:|
Schloss J, Colosimo M, Vitetta L. New Insights into Potential Prevention and Management Options for Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy
. Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Mar 24];3:73-85. Available from: http://www.apjon.org/text.asp?2016/3/1/73/170977
| Introduction|| |
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a frequent, dose-limiting side effect resulting from the administration of commonly used neurotoxic chemotherapy agents. It is characterized by paresthesia, dysesthesia, impaired movement, and occasionally pain. The most common symptoms reported by patients include sensory symptoms of numbness and tingling, followed by burning, shooting, throbbing, and stabbing feelings. Moreover, patients may experience motor symptoms such as dropping items, splaying fingers, and inability to complete normal daily activities.  This side effect is difficult to prevent and control without resorting to dose reduction or cessation of chemotherapy treatment. 
Overall, CIPN is considered a serious and significant neurological adverse effect of chemotherapy and must be monitored from presentation as worsening symptoms can occur from the administered treatment. CIPN may be temporary but in a third of cases, it has been found to be a permanent side effect from the chemotherapy treatment employed.  There have been numerous studies trialing pharmaceutical agents, nutrients, herbs, and other modalities for the prevention and/or treatment of CIPN. Thus, the objective was to identify the best possible evidence-based options for clinicians that could be of beneficial assistance to patients undergoing chemotherapeutic treatments.
| Methods|| |
The aim of this inquiry was to investigate which efficacious protective and/or treatment options were available for patients undergoing chemotherapy with a neurotoxic chemotherapeutic agent or who experience CIPN. New insights into mechanisms of action from chemotherapeutic agents may highlight new preventative and treatments options that could assist medical staff provide patients with treatment options that could decrease the debilitating burden encountered with the side effects of CIPN. A mini-literature review was conducted for each section.
The inclusion criteria for each sub-section included:
- Any type of human clinical trial (e.g., randomized controlled trial [RCT]) or descriptive study, e.g., retrospective studies, case-control studies).
- Animal studies.
- The use of a mechanism of action study that administered a pharmaceutical, nutrient(s) or herbal medicine as the main intervention and specifically investigating its effects on reducing the primary outcome, i.e., CIPN, and
- The journal article or abstract was in English.
The following databases were used to retrieve journal articles: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar. Chinese Databases included CNKI and CINAHL.
Electronic databases were searched using the following search terms, "CIPN" or "cisplatin" or "taxanes" or "paclitaxel" or "docetaxel" or "oxaliplatin" or "carboplatin" or "platinum compounds" or "proteasome inhibitors" and "peripheral neuropathy" or "CIPN" and "mechanism of action" or "pharmaceutical agent" or "nutrient" or "herb" or "herbal medicines" or "chinese herbal medicines" or "ayurvedic herbal medicines."
Risk bias assessment
The risk bias of both animal and human studies was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool (http://handbook.cochrane.org/,part 2, Chapter 8).
All human clinical trial data (excluding descriptive studies) was analyzed using RevMan version 5.2.7 (Cochrane Informatics and Knowledge Management Department) to quantify and compare the efficacy outcomes of intervention versus control.
| Results|| |
Mechanisms of action for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy
The administration of chemotherapeutic agents results in numerous cellular changes including loss of sensory terminals in the skin, alterations of membrane receptors, changes in intracellular signaling, neurotransmissions, excitability, and cellular metabolism. These effects can negatively influence neuronal and glial cell phenotypes which may contribute to the development of CIPN, thus hindering the understanding of specific mechanism underlying this side effect.  A recent review by Boyette-Davis et al.  identified a number of different mechanisms of actions for CIPN [Table 1].
Insight into the mechanisms of action of chemotherapy agents that contribute to CIPN is important when considering agents that may assist in CIPN prevention and treatment. Although research has provided an understanding of the possible mechanisms underlying CIPN, current clinical trials have not reported effective preventative or treatment options. It is also important when studying the mechanisms of action underlying CIPN development, the validity and reliability of the reported results. From the data identified to date, further research and treatment options are warranted and a redirected focus may needed that examines the role of glial cells and inflammatory pathways in CIPN.
Current treatment and prevention options
Clinical trials investigating pharmaceutical agents and complementary and alternative therapies for the prevention and treatment CIPN were identified. Listed below are the current trials for each agent categorized under individual neurotoxic chemotherapy agent. Due to the comprehensive data acquisition in each category, studies of different levels of evidence have been included in this analysis. The studies included were evaluated using a separate tool, the Australian National health and Medical Research Council's (NHMRC) body of clinical evidence assessment matrix. This is an assessment tool that assigns a level/grade (Level I: Strongest evidence to level IV: Weakest evidence) based on the strength of the published study.
No pharmaceutical agent has yet been reported to significantly prevent CIPN. Several agents have been found to have a moderate benefit for the treatment of CIPN however, further trials are required. Possible beneficial treatment options for pain associated with CIPN include duloxetine (Cymbalta) , and other anti-depressants such as venlafaxine (Effexor). ,, Currently, pregabalin (Lyrica) has been administered with some benefit for nerve pain although only one open label trial  has been conducted with CIPN. [Table 2] presents the chemotherapeutical agents and the pharmaceutical agents trialed for each drug, the total number of participants in all the trials conducted on the drug and the outcomes reported.
Currently, there are no established neuroprotective nutraceuticals or treatment options for CIPN. There are several nutraceuticals which have shown promise for selective neurotoxic chemotherapeutic agents such as Vitamin E with cisplatin, ,, intravenous glutathione for oxaliplatin administration, , Vitamin B6 with hexamethylmelamine,  and cisplatin although it was reported to interfere with treatment response rate and omega 3 fatty acids for paclitaxel.  Acetyl-L-carnitine has also shown promise as a treatment option for CIPN , with further research required from large RCTs. Overall, the results with the administration of various nutraceuticals remains inconsistent and further investigations are required to confirm efficacy and safety. [Table 3] presents the trials conducted on nutraceuticals with specific chemotherapeutic agents.
A number of herbal medicines have shown promise as treatment and preventative agents for CIPN. However, the majority of the journal articles identified were laboratory animal studies (n = 17). Human studies consisted of one multi-center, randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial, six randomized trials, six retrospective studies, one uncontrolled study, and three case reports [Table 4]. From the Asian herbal combinations, Gosha-jinki-gan (GJG) is the herbal medicine that has been trialed extensively in animal studies and human clinical trials. ,,,,,,,, There are three retrospective studies used controls for FOLFOX (oxaliplitin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin) and paclitaxel administration, ,, one RCT  comparing Vitamin B12 administration with the herbal combination and a recent Phase II multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted as an adjuvant treatment with FOLFOX.  All studies concluded that this herbal combination may provide neuroprotection. Other herbal medicines which showed promise as protective agents include Kieshikajutsubuto  and Shakuyaku-Kanzo-to  while sweet bee venom may be useful in treating CIPN once it has developed. ,
Acupuncture has shown promise as a treatment option for CIPN. A systemic review was conducted in 2013 examining the effects of acupuncture on the management of CIPN,  which identified seven clinical trials and one experimental (rat) study. The limitations identified for these studies included small sample size, poor controls or no controls, poor randomization, and lack of blinding. From this, it can be concluded that while further studies are required, patients with CIPN may benefit from acupuncture.
Another option for clinicians, practitioners, and nurses includes topical application of analgesic agents. A combination of baclofen 10 mg, amitriptyline HCL 40 mg (3%), and ketamine 20 mg (1.5%) in a base of pluronic lecithin organogel and was found to be beneficial for sensory neuropathy over placebo (P = 0.053) and decreased motor neuropathy symptoms (P = 0.021).  However, a Phase III RCT trial on 462 patients with CIPN found no difference in 6 weeks of treatment with 2% ketamine and 4% amitriptyline cream (P = 0.363).  Recent case studies examining the topical application of menthol (1%) have found it beneficial as a novel analgesic therapy for cancer neuropathic pain.  In addition, high dose topical capsaicin cream may show benefit although no studies for CIPN have been conducted. 
| Discussion|| |
Despite the incidence of CIPN and the significant impact it has on the effectiveness of chemotherapy due to its dose-limiting effects, there are no current treatment or preventive options with conclusive efficacy and safety data. However, there are a number of possible avenues that would be advantageous to trial in a clinical setting or via clinical research. First, the increased ability for genetic testing may provide a new avenue for clinicians to identify individuals at high risk of developing CIPN outside the known risk factors such as diabetes, alcoholism, HIV, and Vitamin B12 deficiencies.  Considering this side effect can directly affect certain patient's professional ability, general physicality, and quality of life, having the ability to offer this service to patients allows the individual to know their changes of developing this side effect. Hence, certain decisions can then be implemented to assist in possible protection or change chemotherapeutic agents if applicable.
The neuronal influences offer the greatest opportunities for protective and treatment options. First, voltage-gated potassium channel openers such as retigabine  shows great potential for researchers to conduct a randomized clinical trial to ascertain if this agent does have benefit in preventing CIPN. In addition, the administration of voltage-gated calcium drugs such as gabapentin and ethosuximide may decrease reflex hypersensitivity. , This has the potential as a treatment option for those patients who are experiencing reflex hypersensitivity postchemotherapy.
Alterations of neurotransmitters involving the down regulation of glutamate transporters may have potential protective benefits. Possible agents that could be considered include phenyl pyrimidine compounds such as the acetylcholinesterase inhibitors used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease e.g., donepezil, galanathamine, and tacrine.  These drugs have been shown to protect neuronal cells and decrease glutamate neurotoxicity. This provides a new avenue for researchers to consider for the protection of CIPN.
Another neuronal influence which shows potential for treatment options includes the alterations of transient receptor potential channels. To date, menthol cream has shown promise as a topical treatment for CIPN particularly for carboplatin,  which works via these channels. This may be an easy option for patients to apply topically to alleviate symptoms of CIPN without further ingestive medicine.
Intracellular signaling activity that involves increasing nerve growth factor (NGF) is another option. Although direct administration of NGF has not shown benefit to date in clinical trials on humans due to unwarranted side effects,  there are agents that have been found to increase NGF such as Vitamin B12,  acetyl-L-carnitine,  rosemary,  Polygala tenuifolia (Ninjin-Yoei-To, Kamp Japanese Herbal),  Codonopsis pilosula,  and Dioscorea nipponica.  Dioscorea in particular has been trialed for diabetic neuropathy and was found to increase neurite outgrowth, enhance nerve conduction, and exhibit improvement on damaged axons. The fact that it has been found to reverse functional and structural changes and induce neural regeneration may make this herb an excellent candidate for a trial on CIPN. 
Changes to intracellular structures are another mechanism of action by which there is an opportunity. APE1 may have a potential protective effect by decreasing axonal transport but still needs further research.  Loss of intraepidermal nerve fibers (IENF) and Meissner's corpuscle also gives rise to opportunities. Currently, tetracycline derivatives have not been clinically trialed on humans for CIPN, but derivatives, such as minocycline, has been found to prevent IENF loss by reducing neuro-inflammation. In animal models, it has shown to be protective for oxaliplatin and palitaxel CIPN. , This may be an agent that researchers and clinicians could trial considering the positive results found in animal models.
Glial cell function is another mechanism which could be targeted. Again treatment with tetracycline derivatives such as minocycline or carbenoxolone has been found to decrease hyperalgesia response in rodents.  This may provide another treatment option for clinicians and researchers. Finally, decreasing inflammation could provide protection against CIPN. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents have not provided a treatment option for people experiencing CIPN as they are not peripherally acting;  however that opens the field for other agents that could play a protective role.
A number of nutrients and herbal medicines that have shown potential for protective benefits for CIPN possess anti-inflammatory activity. These include omega 3 fatty acids,  Vitamin E,  curcumin,  chamomile,  sweet bee venom, , and the combination of Asian herbal medicines. ,,, Further investigations in the anti-inflammatory activity and prevention of CIPN are required.
Currently, no pharmaceutical, neutraceutical, or complementary agent has been found beneficial in preventing or treating CIPN. Based on the data collected, various agents may be suggested although the level of evidence of the studies needs to be recognized. Certain pharmaceutical agents have shown potential for the treatment of CIPN pain as with duloxetine (Cymbalta) and other anti-depressants such as venlafaxine (Effexor) although Effexor was case study based. Pregabalin is the pharmaceutical drug of choice for clinicians at present based on an open label trial. This has been chosen due to lower dose and less side effects compared to gabapentin.
For neutraceuticals, Vitamin E shows potential for prevention of cisplatin-induced ototoxicity, intravenous glutathione for oxaliplatin administration, Vitamin B6 for both oxaliplatin and cisplatin and omega 3 fatty acids for paclitaxel administration. Acetyl-L-carnitine may provide some relief as a treatment option for CIPN after chemotherapy cessation but should not be used as a preventative agent during chemotherapy. Acupuncture may be of benefit for some patients and GJG may be of benefit for protection of oxaliplatin-IPN for patients in Japan. A number of Asian herbs have been found to have possible benefits for treatment and may provide some relief for patients experiencing neuropathic pain from chemotherapy.
The new insights into the mechanism of actions of CIPN may highlight new drugs, nutrients, or herbs that could assist in prevention of this disabling side effect. However currently, there is no gold standard prevention or treatment of CIPN. It is suggested for clinicians, nurses, and other health professionals treating people with CIPN to use composite measurement outcomes including the full complexity of both positive symptoms (pain, paresthesia, and dysethesia) and negative ones (numbness).  Trialing potential treatment options such as aceyl-l-carnitine on patients with numbness and dysthesia might be worthwhile. Discussing, identifying, and suggesting interventions with possible protective benefits for patients such as Vitamin E, B12, and omega 3 fatty acids displays best care.
If these interventions do not prevent this side effect, and as there is still no proven prophylactic or therapeutic intervention, patient presentation of CIPN during chemotherapy requires modification or cessation of treatment. This is still the preferred strategy to date for patients. Ultimately, collaboration of health professionals and implementing strategies to prevent side effects such as CIPN give rise to best care benefits for patients which should be the aim for all healthcare practitioners.
| Conclusion|| |
Clinicians and researchers acknowledge that there are numerous challenges involved in understanding, preventing, and treating peripheral neuropathy caused by chemotherapy agents. New insights into mechanisms of action from these chemotherapeutic agents may facilitate the development of novel preventative and treatment options, thereby enabling medical staff to better support patients by reducing this debilitating side effect.
Endeavor office of research, Dr. Amie Steel for assistance with editing.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Park SB, Goldstein D, Krishnan AV, Lin CS, Friedlander ML, Cassidy J, et al.
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity: A critical analysis. CA Cancer J Clin 2013;63:419-37.
Smith JA, Benbow SJ. Meeting Report: Inaugural Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy Symposium - Santa Barbara, CA, February 2015. Cancer Res 2015. pii: Canres. 1145.2015.
Armstrong T, Almadrones L, Gilbert MR. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Oncol Nurs Forum 2005;32:305-11.
Boyette-Davis JA, Walters ET, Dougherty PM. Mechanisms involved in the development of chemotherapy-induced neuropathy. Pain Manag 2015;5:285-96.
Cavaletti G, Alberti P, Marmiroli P. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity in the era of pharmacogenomics. Lancet Oncol 2011;12:1151-61.
Grolleau F, Gamelin L, Boisdron-Celle M, Lapied B, Pelhate M, Gamelin E. A possible explanation for a neurotoxic effect of the anticancer agent oxaliplatin on neuronal voltage-gated sodium channels. J Neurophysiol 2001;85:2293-7.
Webster RG, Brain KL, Wilson RH, Grem JL, Vincent A. Oxaliplatin induces hyperexcitability at motor and autonomic neuromuscular junctions through effects on voltage-gated sodium channels. Br J Pharmacol 2005;146:1027-39.
Descoeur J, Pereira V, Pizzoccaro A, Francois A, Ling B, Maffre V, et al.
Oxaliplatin-induced cold hypersensitivity is due to remodelling of ion channel expression in nociceptors. EMBO Mol Med 2011;3:266-78.
Nodera H, Spieker A, Sung M, Rutkove S. Neuroprotective effects of Kv7 channel agonist, retigabine, for cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy. Neurosci Lett 2011 21;505:223-7.
Flatters SJ, Bennett GJ. Ethosuximide reverses paclitaxel- and vincristine-induced painful peripheral neuropathy. Pain 2004;109:150-61.
Xiao W, Boroujerdi A, Bennett GJ, Luo ZD. Chemotherapy-evoked painful peripheral neuropathy: Analgesic effects of gabapentin and effects on expression of the alpha-2-delta type-1 calcium channel subunit. Neuroscience 2007;144:714-20.
Hansen N, Uçeyler N, Palm F, Zelenka M, Biko L, Lesch KP, et al.
Serotonin transporter deficiency protects mice from mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia in vincristine neuropathy. Neurosci Lett 2011;495:93-7.
Carozzi VA, Canta A, Chiorazzi A. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: What do we know about mechanisms? Neurosci Lett 2015;596:90-107.
Robinson CR, Dougherty PM. Spinal astrocyte gap junction and glutamate transporter expression contributes to a rat model of bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy. Neuroscience 2015;285:1-10.
Cata JP, Weng HR, Chen JH, Dougherty PM. Altered discharges of spinal wide dynamic range neurons and down-regulation of glutamate transporter expression in rats with paclitaxel-induced hyperalgesia. Neuroscience 2006;138:329-38.
Yang Y, Zhang YG, Lin GA, Xie HQ, Pan HT, Huang BQ, et al.
Spinal changes of a newly isolated neuropeptide endomorphin-2 concomitant with vincristine-induced allodynia. PLoS One 2014;9:e89583.
Uhelski ML, Khasabova IA, Simone DA. Inhibition of anandamide hydrolysis attenuates nociceptor sensitization in a murine model of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy 2015;113:1501-10.
Janes K, Esposito E, Doyle T, Cuzzocrea S, Tosh DK, Jacobson KA, et al.
A3 adenosine receptor agonist prevents the development of paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain by modulating spinal glial-restricted redox-dependent signaling pathways. Pain 2014;155:2560-7.
Matute C, Domercq M, Sánchez-Gómez MV. Glutamate-mediated glial injury: Mechanisms and clinical importance. Glia 2006;53:212-24.
Hara T, Chiba T, Abe K, Makabe A, Ikeno S, Kawakami K, et al.
Effect of paclitaxel on transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 in rat dorsal root ganglion. Pain 2013;154: 882-9.
Nassini R, Gees M, Harrison S, De Siena G, Materazzi S, Moretto N, et al.
Oxaliplatin elicits mechanical and cold allodynia in rodents via TRPA1 receptor stimulation. Pain 2011;152:1621-31.
Proudfoot CJ, Garry EM, Cottrell DF, Rosie R, Anderson H, Robertson DC, et al.
Analgesia mediated by the TRPM8 cold receptor in chronic neuropathic pain. Curr Biol 2006;16:1591-605.
Chen J, Kang D, Xu J, Lake M, Hogan JO, Sun C, et al.
Species differences and molecular determinant of TRPA1 cold sensitivity. Nat Commun 2013;4:2501.
Chen Y, Yang C, Wang ZJ. Proteinase-activated receptor 2 sensitizes transient receptor potential vanilloid 1, transient receptor potential vanilloid 4, and transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 in paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain. Neuroscience 2011;193:440-51.
Storey DJ, Colvin LA, Mackean MJ, Mitchell R, Fleetwood-Walker SM, Fallon MT Reversal of dose-limiting carboplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy with TRPM8 activator, menthol, enables further effective chemotherapy delivery. J Pain Symptom Manage 2010;39:e2-4.
Park SJ, Wu CH, Gordon JD, Zhong X, Emami A, Safa AR. Taxol induces caspase-10-dependent apoptosis. J Biol Chem 2004;279:51057-67.
Joseph EK, Levine JD. Comparison of oxaliplatin- and cisplatin-induced painful peripheral neuropathy in the rat. J Pain 2009;10:534-41.
Scuteri A, Galimberti A, Ravasi M, Pasini S, Donzelli E, Cavaletti G, et al.
NGF protects dorsal root ganglion neurons from oxaliplatin by modulating JNK/Sapk and ERK1/2. Neurosci Lett 2010;486:141-5.
Flatters SJ, Bennett GJ. Studies of peripheral sensory nerves in paclitaxel-induced painful peripheral neuropathy: Evidence for mitochondrial dysfunction. Pain 2006;122: 245-57.
Kelley MR, Jiang Y, Guo C, Reed A, Meng H, Vasko MR. Role of the DNA base excision repair protein, APE1 in cisplatin, oxaliplatin, or carboplatin induced sensory neuropathy. PLoS One 2014;9:e106485.
Shin YK, Jang SY, Lee HK, Jung J, Suh DJ, Seo SY, et al.
Pathological adaptive responses of Schwann cells to endoplasmic reticulum stress in bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy. Glia 2010;58:1961-76.
Lee JJ, Swain SM. Peripheral neuropathy induced by microtubule-stabilizing agents. J Clin Oncol 2006;24:1633-42.
LaPointe NE, Morfini G, Brady ST, Feinstein SC, Wilson L, Jordan MA. Effects of eribulin, vincristine, paclitaxel and ixabepilone on fast axonal transport and kinesin-1 driven microtubule gliding: Implications for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Neurotoxicology 2013;37:231-9.
Staff NP, Podratz JL, Grassner L, Bader M, Paz J, Knight AM, et al.
Bortezomib alters microtubule polymerization and axonal transport in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Neurotoxicology 2013;39:124-31.
Schellingerhout D, LeRoux LG, Hobbs BP, Bredow S. Impairment of retrograde neuronal transport in oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy demonstrated by molecular imaging. PLoS One 2012;7:e45776.
Boyette-Davis JA, Cata JP, Zhang H, Driver LC, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR, et al.
Follow-up psychophysical studies in bortezomib-related chemoneuropathy patients. J Pain 2011;12:1017-24.
Zhang H, Boyette-Davis JA, Kosturakis AK, Li Y, Yoon SY, Walters ET, et al.
Induction of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and its receptor CCR2 in primary sensory neurons contributes to paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy. J Pain 2013;14:1031-44.
Boyette-Davis J, Xin W, Zhang H, Dougherty PM. Intraepidermal nerve fiber loss corresponds to the development of taxol-induced hyperalgesia and can be prevented by treatment with minocycline. Pain 2011; 152:308-13.
Boyette-Davis J, Dougherty PM. Protection against oxaliplatin-induced mechanical hyperalgesia and intraepidermal nerve fiber loss by minocycline. Exp Neurol 2011;229:353-7.
Cata JP, Weng HR, Lee BN, Reuben JM, Dougherty PM. Clinical and experimental findings in humans and animals with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Minerva Anestesiol 2006;72:151-69.
Cavaletti G, Cavalletti E, Oggioni N, Sottani C, Minoia C, D'Incalci M, et al.
Distribution of paclitaxel within the nervous system of the rat after repeated intravenous administration. Neurotoxicology 2000;21:389-93.
Oztürk G, Erdogan E, Anlar O, Kösem M, Taspinar M. Effect of leukemia inhibitory factor in experimental cisplatin neuropathy in mice. Cytokine 2005;29:31-41.
Cliffer KD, Siuciak JA, Carson SR, Radley HE, Park JS, Lewis DR, et al.
Physiological characterization of Taxol-induced large-fiber sensory neuropathy in the rat. Ann Neurol 1998;43:46-55.
Takeda M, Tanimoto T, Kadoi J, Nasu M, Takahashi M, Kitagawa J, et al.
Enhanced excitability of nociceptive trigeminal ganglion neurons by satellite glial cytokine following peripheral inflammation. Pain 2007;129:155-66.
Gao YJ, Zhang L, Samad OA, Suter MR, Yasuhiko K, Xu ZZ, et al.
JNK-induced MCP-1 production in spinal cord astrocytes contributes to central sensitization and neuropathic pain. J Neurosci 2009;29:4096-108.
Warwick RA, Hanani M. The contribution of satellite glial cells to chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain. Eur J Pain 2013;17:571-80.
Ledeboer A, Jekich BM, Sloane EM, Mahoney JH, Langer SJ, Milligan ED, et al.
Intrathecal interleukin-10 gene therapy attenuates paclitaxel-induced mechanical allodynia and proinflammatory cytokine expression in dorsal root ganglia in rats. Brain Behav Immun 2007;21:686-98.
Byrd-Leifer CA, Block EF, Takeda K, Akira S, Ding A. The role of MyD88 and TLR4 in the LPS-mimetic activity of Taxol. Eur J Immunol 2001;31:2448-57.
Li Y, Zhang H, Zhang H, Kosturakis AK, Jawad AB, Dougherty PM. Toll-like receptor 4 signaling contributes to Paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy. J Pain 2014;15:712-25.
Park HJ, Stokes JA, Corr M, Yaksh TL. Toll-like receptor signaling regulates cisplatin-induced mechanical allodynia in mice. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2014;73:25-34.
Abbadie C, Lindia JA, Cumiskey AM, Peterson LB, Mudgett JS, Bayne EK, et al.
Impaired neuropathic pain responses in mice lacking the chemokine receptor CCR2. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2003;100:7947-52.
Smith EM, Pang H, Cirrincione C, Fleishman S, Paskett ED, Ahles T, et al.
Effect of duloxetine on pain, function, and quality of life among patients with chemotherapy-induced painful peripheral neuropathy: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA 2013;309:1359-67.
Takenaka M, Iida H, Matsumoto S, Yamaguchi S, Yoshimura N, Miyamoto M. Successful treatment by adding duloxetine to pregabalin for peripheral neuropathy induced by paclitaxel. Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2013;30:734-6.
Durand JP, Goldwasser F. Dramatic recovery of paclitaxel-disabling neurosensory toxicity following treatment with venlafaxine. Anticancer Drugs 2002;13:777-80.
Durand JP, Alexandre J, Guillevin L, Goldwasser F. Clinical activity of venlafaxine and topiramate against oxaliplatin-induced disabling permanent neuropathy. Anticancer Drugs 2005;16:587-91.
Durand JP, Brezault C, Goldwasser F. Protection against oxaliplatin acute neurosensory toxicity by venlafaxine. Anticancer Drugs 2003;14:423-5.
Saif MW, Syrigos K, Kaley K, Isufi I. Role of pregabalin in treatment of oxaliplatin-induced sensory neuropathy. Anticancer Res 2010;30:2927-33.
Mollman JE, Glover DJ, Hogan WM, Furman RE. Cisplatin neuropathy. Risk factors, prognosis, and protection by WR-2721. Cancer 1988;61:2192-5.
Kemp G, Rose P, Lurain J, Berman M, Manetta A, Roullet B, et al.
Amifostine pretreatment for protection against cyclophosphamide-induced and cisplatin-induced toxicities: Results of a randomized control trial in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. J Clin Oncol 1996;14:2101-12.
Planting AS, Catimel G, de Mulder PH, de Graeff A, Höppener F, Verweij J, et al.
Randomized study of a short course of weekly cisplatin with or without amifostine in advanced head and neck cancer. EORTC Head and Neck Cooperative Group. Ann Oncol 1999;10:693-700.
Moore DH, Donnelly J, McGuire WP, Almadrones L, Cella DF, Herzog TJ, et al.
Limited access trial using amifostine for protection against cisplatin- and three-hour paclitaxel-induced neurotoxicity: A phase II study of the Gynecologic Oncology Group. J Clin Oncol 2003;21:4207-13.
Rubin JS, Wadler S, Beitler JJ, Haynes H, Rozenblit A, McGill F, et al.
Audiological findings in a Phase I protocol investigating the effect of WR 2721, high-dose cisplatin and radiation therapy in patients with locally advanced cervical carcinoma. J Laryngol Otol 1995;109:744-7.
Gradishar WJ, Stephenson P, Glover DJ, Neuberg DS, Moore MR, Windschitl HE, et al.
A Phase II trial of cisplatin plus WR-2721 (amifostine) for metastatic breast carcinoma: An Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Study (E8188). Cancer 2001;92:2517-22.
Fouladi M, Chintagumpala M, Ashley D, Kellie S, Gururangan S, Hassall T, et al.
Amifostine protects against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in children with average-risk medulloblastoma. J Clin Oncol 2008;26:3749-55.
Penz M, Kornek GV, Raderer M, Ulrich-Pur H, Fiebiger W, Scheithauer W. Subcutaneous administration of amifostine: A promising therapeutic option in patients with oxaliplatin-related peripheral sensitive neuropathy. Ann Oncol 2001;12:421-2.
Eckel F, Schmelz R, Adelsberger H, Erdmann J, Quasthoff S, Lersch C. Prevention of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy by carbamazepine. A pilot study. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2002;127:78-82.
Wilson RH, Lehky T, Thomas RR, Quinn MG, Floeter MK, Grem JL. Acute oxaliplatin-induced peripheral nerve hyperexcitability. J Clin Oncol 2002;20:1767-74.
Argyriou AA, Chroni E, Polychronopoulos P, Iconomou G, Koutras A, Makatsoris T, et al.
Efficacy of oxcarbazepine for prophylaxis against cumulative oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy. Neurology 2006;67:2253-5.
von Delius S, Eckel F, Wagenpfeil S, Mayr M, Stock K, Kullmann F, et al.
Carbamazepine for prevention of oxaliplatin-related neurotoxicity in patients with advanced colorectal cancer: Final results of a randomised, controlled, multicenter phase II study. Invest New Drugs 2007;25: 173-80.
Tatsushima Y, Egashira N, Narishige Y, Fukui S, Kawashiri T, Yamauchi Y, et al.
Calcium channel blockers reduce oxaliplatin-induced acute neuropathy: A retrospective study of 69 male patients receiving modified FOLFOX6 therapy. Biomed Pharmacother 2013;67:39-42.
Openshaw H, Beamon K, Synold TW, Longmate J, Slatkin NE, Doroshow JH, et al.
Neurophysiological study of peripheral neuropathy after high-dose Paclitaxel: Lack of neuroprotective effect of amifostine. Clin Cancer Res 2004;10:461-7.
Gelmon K, Eisenhauer E, Bryce C, Tolcher A, Mayer L, Tomlinson E, et al.
Randomized phase II study of high-dose paclitaxel with or without amifostine in patients with metastatic breast cancer. J Clin Oncol 1999;17:3038-47.
Hilpert F, Stähle A, Tomé O, Burges A, Rossner D, Späthe K, et al.
Neuroprotection with amifostine in the first-line treatment of advanced ovarian cancer with carboplatin/paclitaxel-based chemotherapy - A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized phase II study from the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologoie (AGO) Ovarian Cancer Study Group. Support Care Cancer 2005;13:797-805.
Lorusso D, Ferrandina G, Greggi S, Gadducci A, Pignata S, Tateo S, et al.
Phase III multicenter randomized trial of amifostine as cytoprotectant in first-line chemotherapy in ovarian cancer patients. Ann Oncol 2003;14:1086-93.
Leong SS, Tan EH, Fong KW, Wilder-Smith E, Ong YK, Tai BC, et al.
Randomized double-blind trial of combined modality treatment with or without amifostine in unresectable stage III non-small-cell lung cancer. J Clin Oncol 2003;21:1767-74.
De Vos FY, Bos AM, Schaapveld M, de Swart CA, de Graaf H, van der Zee AG, et al.
A randomized phase II study of paclitaxel with carboplatin /- amifostine as first line treatment in advanced ovarian carcinoma. Gynecol Oncol 2005;97:60-7.
Kanat O, Evrensel T, Baran I, Coskun H, Zarifoglu M, Turan OF, et al.
Protective effect of amifostine against toxicity of paclitaxel and carboplatin in non-small cell lung cancer: A single center randomized study. Med Oncol 2003;20:237-45.
Davis ID, Kiers L, MacGregor L, Quinn M, Arezzo J, Green M, et al.
A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled phase II trial of recombinant human leukemia inhibitory factor (rhuLIF, emfilermin, AM424) to prevent chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Clin Cancer Res 2005;11:1890-8.
Rao RD, Michalak JC, Sloan JA, Loprinzi CL, Soori GS, Nikcevich DA, et al.
Efficacy of gabapentin in the management of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: A phase 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial (N00C3). Cancer 2007;110:2110-8.
Ross JR, Goller K, Hardy J, Riley J, Broadley K, A'hern R, et al.
Gabapentin is effective in the treatment of cancer-related neuropathic pain: A prospective, open-label study. J Palliat Med 2005;8:1118-26.
Rao RD, Flynn PJ, Sloan JA, Wong GY, Novotny P, Johnson DB, et al.
Efficacy of lamotrigine in the management of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: A phase 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, N01C3. Cancer 2008;112:2802-8.
Kautio AL, Haanpää M, Saarto T, Kalso E. Amitriptyline in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced neuropathic symptoms. J Pain Symptom Manage 2008;35:31-9.
Hammack JE, Michalak JC, Loprinzi CL, Sloan JA, Novotny PJ, Soori GS, et al.
Phase III evaluation of nortriptyline for alleviation of symptoms of cis-platinum-induced peripheral neuropathy. Pain 2002;98:195-203.
Pace A, Savarese A, Picardo M, Maresca V, Pacetti U, Del Monte G, et al.
Neuroprotective effect of vitamin E supplementation in patients treated with cisplatin chemotherapy. J Clin Oncol 2003;21:927-31.
Pace A, Giannarelli D, Galiè E, Savarese A, Carpano S, Della Giulia M, et al.
Vitamin E neuroprotection for cisplatin neuropathy: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Neurology 2010;74:762-6.
Argyriou AA, Chroni E, Koutras A, Ellul J, Papapetropoulos S, Katsoulas G, et al.
Vitamin E for prophylaxis against chemotherapy-induced neuropathy: A randomized controlled trial. Neurology 2005;64:26-31.
Cascinu S, Catalano V, Cordella L, Labianca R, Giordani P, Baldelli AM, et al.
Neuroprotective effect of reduced glutathione on oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy in advanced colorectal cancer: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Oncol 2002;20:3478-83.
Milla P, Airoldi M, Weber G, Drescher A, Jaehde U, Cattel L. Administration of reduced glutathione in FOLFOX4 adjuvant treatment for colorectal cancer: Effect on oxaliplatin pharmacokinetics, Pt-DNA adduct formation, and neurotoxicity. Anticancer Drugs 2009;20:396-402.
Wiernik PH, Yeap B, Vogl SE, Kaplan BH, Comis RL, Falkson G, et al.
Hexamethylmelamine and low or moderate dose cisplatin with or without pyridoxine for treatment of advanced ovarian carcinoma: A study of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. Cancer Invest 1992;10:1-9.
Ghoreishi Z, Esfahani A, Djazayeri A, Djalali M, Golestan B, Ayromlou H, et al.
Omega-3 fatty acids are protective against paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy: A randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial. BMC Cancer 2012; 12:355.
Bianchi G, Vitali G, Caraceni A, Ravaglia S, Capri G, Cundari S, et al.
Symptomatic and neurophysiological responses of paclitaxel- or cisplatin-induced neuropathy to oral acetyl-L-carnitine. Eur J Cancer 2005;41:1746-50.
Maestri A, De Pasquale Ceratti A, Cundari S, Zanna C, Cortesi E, Crinò L. A pilot study on the effect of acetyl-L-carnitine in paclitaxel- and cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy. Tumori 2005;91:135-8.
Argyriou AA, Chroni E, Koutras A, Ellul J, Papapetropoulos S, Katsoulas G, et al.
Vitamin E for prophylaxis against chemotherapy-induced neuropathy: A randomized controlled trial. Neurology 2005;64:26-31.
Huang JS, Wu CL, Fan CW, Chen WH, Yeh KY, Chang PH. Intravenous glutamine appears to reduce the severity of symptomatic platinum-induced neuropathy: A prospective randomized study. J Chemother 2015;27:235-40.
Guo Y, Jones D, Palmer JL, Forman A, Dakhil SR, Velasco MR, et al.
Oral alpha-lipoic acid to prevent chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Support Care Cancer 2014;22: 1223-31.
Cascinu S, Cordella L, Del Ferro E, Fronzoni M, Catalano G. Neuroprotective effect of reduced glutathione on cisplatin-based chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Oncol 1995;13:26-32.
Colombo N, Bini S, Miceli D, Bogliun G, Marzorati L, Cavaletti G, et al.
Weekly cisplatin +/− glutathione in relapsed ovarian carcinoma. Int J Gynecol Cancer 1995;5: 81-86.
Smyth JF, Bowman A, Perren T, Wilkinson P, Prescott RJ, Quinn KJ, et al.
Glutathione reduces the toxicity and improves quality of life of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer treated with cisplatin: Results of a double-blind, randomised trial. Ann Oncol 1997;8:569-73.
Gamelin L, Boisdron-Celle M, Delva R, Guérin-Meyer V, Ifrah N, Morel A, et al.
Prevention of oxaliplatin-related neurotoxicity by calcium and magnesium infusions: A retrospective study of 161 patients receiving oxaliplatin combined with 5-Fluorouracil and leucovorin for advanced colorectal cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2004;10:4055-61.
Hochster HS, Grothey A, Childs BH. Use of calcium and magnesium salts to reduce oxaliplatin-related neurotoxicity. J Clin Oncol 2007;25:4028-9.
Muto O, Ando H, Ono T, Itagaki H, Kobayashi Y, Onuki M, et al.
Reduction of oxaliplatin-related neurotoxicity by calcium and magnesium infusions. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2007;34:579-81.
Ishibashi K, Okada N, Miyazaki T, Sano M, Ishida H. Effect of calcium and magnesium on neurotoxicity and blood platinum concentrations in patients receiving mFOLFOX6 therapy: A prospective randomized study. Int J Clin Oncol 2010;15:82-7.
Loprinzi CL, Qin R, Dakhil SR, Fehrenbacher L, Flynn KA, Atherton P, et al.
Phase III randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of intravenous calcium and magnesium to prevent oxaliplatin-induced sensory neurotoxicity (N08CB/Alliance). J Clin Oncol 2014;32:997-1005.
Grothey A, Nikcevich DA, Sloan JA, Kugler JW, Silberstein PT, Dentchev T, et al.
Intravenous calcium and magnesium for oxaliplatin-induced sensory neurotoxicity in adjuvant colon cancer: NCCTG N04C7. J Clin Oncol 2011;29:421-7.
Afonseca SO, Cruz FM, Cubero Dde I, Lera AT, Schindler F, Okawara M, et al.
Vitamin E for prevention of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy: A pilot randomized clinical trial. Sao Paulo Med J 2013;131:35-8.
Gedlicka C, Scheithauer W, Schüll B, Kornek GV. Effective treatment of oxaliplatin-induced cumulative polyneuropathy with alpha-lipoic acid. J Clin Oncol 2002;20:3359-61.
Lin PC, Lee MY, Wang WS, Yen CC, Chao TC, Hsiao LT, et al.
N-acetylcysteine has neuroprotective effects against oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy in colon cancer patients: Preliminary data. Support Care Cancer 2006;14: 484-7.
Wang WS, Lin JK, Lin TC, Chen WS, Jiang JK, Wang HS, et al.
Oral glutamine is effective for preventing oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy in colorectal cancer patients. Oncologist 2007;12:312-9.
Coriat R, Alexandre J, Nicco C, Quinquis L, Benoit E, Chéreau C, et al.
Treatment of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy by intravenous mangafodipir. J Clin Invest 2014;124:262-72.
Vahdat L, Papadopoulos K, Lange D, Leuin S, Kaufman E, Donovan D, et al.
Reduction of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy with glutamine. Clin Cancer Res 2001;7:1192-7.
Stubblefield MD, Vahdat LT, Balmaceda CM, Troxel AB, Hesdorffer CS, Gooch CL. Glutamine as a neuroprotective agent in high-dose paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy: A clinical and electrophysiologic study. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) 2005;17:271-6.
Hershman DL, Unger JM, Crew KD, Minasian LM, Awad D, Moinpour CM, et al.
Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of acetyl-L-carnitine for the prevention of taxane-induced neuropathy in women undergoing adjuvant breast cancer therapy. J Clin Oncol 2013;31:2627-33.
Schloss JM, Colosimo M, Airey C, Vitetta L. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) and vitamin B12 deficiency. Support Care Cancer 2015;23:1843-50.
Kottschade LA, Sloan JA, Mazurczak MA, Johnson DB, Murphy BP, Rowland KM, et al.
The use of vitamin E for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: Results of a randomized phase III clinical trial. Support Care Cancer 2011;19:1769-77.
Callander N, Markovina S, Eickhoff J, Hutson P, Campbell T, Hematti P, et al.
Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma treated with bortezomib, doxorubicin and low-dose dexamethasone: A study from the Wisconsin Oncology Network. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2014;74:875-82.
Gedlicka C, Kornek GV, Schmid K, Scheithauer W. Amelioration of docetaxel/cisplatin induced polyneuropathy by alpha-lipoic acid. Ann Oncol 2003;14:339-40.
Marshall J, Zakari A, Hwang JJ, Papadopoulos V, Rosenberg A, Silver C. Ginkgo Biloba (
GB) extract as a neuroprotective agent in oxaliplatin (Ox)-induced neuropathy. American Society of Clinical Oncologists Annual Meeting Proceedings. J Clin Oncol 2004;22:3670.
Sun YY, Jia YJ, Huang MN, Chen J. Buyang huanwu decoction in prevention of peripheral neuropathy after chemotherapy: A clinical observation. Guangming J Chin Med 2008;23: 958-9.
Sima L, Pan L. Influence of Chinese herb on chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Ann Oncol 2009;20:iii45-6.
Kono T, Mamiya N, Chisato N, Ebisawa Y, Yamazaki H, Watari J, et al.
Efficacy of goshajinkigan for peripheral neurotoxicity of oxaliplatin in patients with advanced or recurrent colorectal cancer. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2011;2011:418481.
Nishioka M, Shimada M, Kurita N, Iwata T, Morimoto S, Yoshikawa K, et al.
The Kampo medicine, Goshajinkigan, prevents neuropathy in patients treated by FOLFOX regimen. Int J Clin Oncol 2011;16:322-7.
Shindo Y, Tenma K, Imano H, Hibino M, Yoshino K, Nakamura M. Reduction of oxaliplatin-related neurotoxicity by Gosha-jinki-gan]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2008;35:863-5.
Kono T, Hata T, Morita S, Munemoto Y, Matsui T, Kojima H, et al.
Goshajinkigan oxaliplatin neurotoxicity evaluation (GONE): A phase 2, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of goshajinkigan to prevent oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2013;72:1283-90.
Yamada T, Kan H, Matsumoto S, Koizumi M, Sasaki J, Tani A, et al.
Reduction in oxaliplatin-related neurotoxicity by the administration of Keishikajutsubuto(TJ-18)and powdered processed aconite root. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2012;39: 1687-91.
Tatsumi T, Kishi D, Kogure T. The efficacy of ogikeishigomotsuto on chronic cumulative sensory neuropathy induced by oxaliplatin - Case report and literature view. J Tradit Med 2009;26:136-40.
Hosokawa A, Ogawa K, Ando T, Suzuki N, Ueda A, Kajiura S, et al.
Preventive effect of traditional Japanese medicine on neurotoxicity of FOLFOX for metastatic colorectal cancer: A multicenter retrospective study. Anticancer Res 2012;32:2545-50.
Pan L, Gao H, Xing XR. Combined application of traditional chinese medicine prevention of taxol chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy; A clinical observation. Inner Mongol J Traditional Chin Med 2012;3:28.
Yamamoto T, Murai T, Ueda M, Katsuura M, Oishi M, Miwa Y, et al.
Clinical features of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy and role of Gosya-jinki-gan. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2009;36:89-92.
Fujii K, Okamoto S, Saitoh K, Sasaki N, Takano M, Tanaka S, et al.
The efficacy of Shakuyaku-Kanzo-to for peripheral nerve dysfunction in paclitaxel combination chemotherapy for epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2004;31:1537-40.
Park JW, Jeon JH, Yoon J, Jung TY, Kwon KR, Cho CK, et al.
Effects of sweet bee venom pharmacopuncture treatment for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: A case series. Integr Cancer Ther 2012;11:166-71.
Yoon J, Jeon JH, Lee YW, Cho CK, Kwon KR, Shin JE, et al.
Sweet bee venom pharmacopuncture for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. J Acupunct Meridian Stud 2012;5:156-65.
Hashimoto K, Sakumay Y, Kotani J. Histological study of a paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy model treated with goshajnkigan. J Osaka Dent Univ 2004;38:109-12.
Hashimoto K, Sakumay Y, Kotani J. Goshajinkigan improves paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy without affecting anti-tumour efficacy in rodents. J Osaka Dent Univ 2006;40:47-52.
Kaku H, Kumagai S, Onoue H, Takada A, Shoji T, Miura F, et al.
Objective evaluation of the alleviating effects of goshajinkigan on peripheral neuropathy induced by paclitaxel/carboplatin therapy: A multicentre collaborative study. Exp Ther Med 2012;3:60-5.
Ushio S, Egashira N, Sada H, Kawashiri T, Shirahama M, Masuguchi K, et al.
Goshajinkigan reduces oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy without affecting anti-tumour efficacy in rodents. Eur J Cancer 2012;48: 1407-13.
Franconi G, Manni L, Schröder S, Marchetti P, Robinson N. A systematic review of experimental and clinical acupuncture in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2013;2013:516916.
Barton DL, Wos EJ, Qin R, Mattar BI, Green NB, Lanier KS, et al.
A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a topical treatment for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: NCCTG trial N06CA. Support Care Cancer 2011;19:833-41.
Gewandter JS, Mohile SG, Heckler CE, Ryan JL, Kirshner JJ, Flynn PJ, et al.
A phase III randomized, placebo-controlled study of topical amitriptyline and ketamine for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN): A University of Rochester CCOP study of 462 cancer survivors. Support Care Cancer 2014;22:1807-14.
Fallon MT, Storey DJ, Krishan A, Weir CJ, Mitchell R, Fleetwood-Walker SM, et al.
Cancer treatment-related neuropathic pain: Proof of concept study with menthol - A TRPM8 agonist. Support Care Cancer 2015;23:2769-77.
Evangelista S. Novel therapeutics in the field of capsaicin and pain. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol 2015;8:373-5.
Takada-Takatori Y, Kume T, Sugimoto M, Katsuki H, Sugimoto H, Akaike A. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors used in treatment of Alzheimer's disease prevent glutamate neurotoxicity via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase cascade. Neuropharmacology 2006;51:474-86.
Cavaletti G, Marmiroli P. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity. Expert Opin Drug Saf 2004;3:535-46.
Scalabrino G, Peracchi M. New insights into the pathophysiology of cobalamin deficiency. Trends Mol Med 2006;12:247-54.
Taglialatela G, Angelucci L, Ramacci MT, Werrbach-Perez K, Jackson GR, Perez-Polo JR. Acetyl-L-carnitine enhances the response of PC12 cells to nerve growth factor. Brain Res Dev Brain Res 1991;59:221-30.
Kosaka K, Yokoi T. Carnosic acid, a component of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), promotes synthesis of nerve growth factor in T98G human glioblastoma cells. Biol Pharm Bull 2003;26:1620-2.
Yabe T, Tuchida H, Kiyohara H, Takeda T, Yamada H. Induction of NGF synthesis in astrocytes by onjisaponins of Polygala tenuifolia, constituents of kampo (Japanese herbal) medicine, Ninjin-yoei-to. Phytomedicine 2003;10:106-14.
Liu JH, Bao YM, Song JJ, An LJ. Codonopsis pilosula (Franch) Nannf total alkaloids potentiate neurite outgrowth induced by nerve growth factor in PC12 cells. Acta Pharmacol Sin 2003;24:913-7.
Kang TH, Moon E, Hong BN, Choi SZ, Son M, Park JH, et al.
Diosgenin from Dioscorea nipponica ameliorates diabetic neuropathy by inducing nerve growth factor. Biol Pharm Bull 2011;34:1493-8.
Lynch JJ rd, Wade CL, Zhong CM, Mikusa JP, Honore P. Attenuation of mechanical allodynia by clinically utilized drugs in a rat chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain model. Pain 2004;110:56-63.
Al Moundhri MS, Al-Salam S, Al Mahrouqee A, Beegam S, Ali BH. The effect of curcumin on oxaliplatin and cisplatin neurotoxicity in rats: Some behavioral, biochemical, and histopathological studies. J Med Toxicol 2013;9:25-33.
Berry M. The chamomiles. Pharm J 1995;254:191-3.
Kwon KR, Choi S, Cha BC. Component analysis of sweet BV and clinical trial on antibody titer and allergic reactions. J Korean Pharmacopuncture Inst 2006;9:79-86.
Lee JS, Lee JY, Kwon KR, Lee HC. A study on allergic response between bee venom and sweet bee venom pharmacopuncture. J Korean Pharmacoacupuncture Inst 2006;9:61-77.
Howes MJ, Perry NS, Houghton PJ. Plants with traditional uses and activities, relevant to the management of Alzheimer's disease and other cognitive disorders. Phytother Res 2003;17:1-18.
Muthuraman A, Singh N, Jaggi AS. Protective effect of Acorus calamus L. in rat model of vincristine induced painful neuropathy: An evidence of anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activity. Food Chem Toxicol 2011;49: 2557-63.
Bahar AM, Andoh T, Ogura K, Hayakawa Y, Saiki I, Kuraishi Y. Herbal medicine goshajinkigan prevents paclitaxel-induced mechanical allodynia without impairing antitumor activity of paclitaxel. Evid Based Complementary Alternat Med 2013;2013:849754. doi: 10.1155/2013/849754. Epub 2013 Oct 2.
Schröder S, Beckmann K, Franconi G, Meyer-Hamme G, Friedemann T, Greten HJ, et al.
Can medical herbs stimulate regeneration or neuroprotection and treat neuropathic pain in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy? Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2013;2013:423713.
Poupon L, Kerckhove N, Vein J, Lamoine S, Authier N, Busserolles J, et al.
Minimizing chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: Preclinical and clinical development of new perspectives. Expert Opin Drug Saf 2015;14:1269-82.
[Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4]
|This article has been cited by|
||Carboplatin and vincristine neurotoxicity in the treatment of pediatric low-grade gliomas
| ||Lorena Rosca,Viviane Robert-Boire,Jean-François Delisle,Yvan Samson,Sébastien Perreault |
| ||Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2018; : e27351 |
|[Pubmed] | [DOI]|
||Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Integrative Oncology: A Survey of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Practitioners
| ||Zhaoxue Lu,Jennifer Moody,Benjamin L. Marx,Tracy Hammerstrom |
| ||The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2017; |
|[Pubmed] | [DOI]|
||Tripterygium wilfordii Inhibiting Angiogenesis for Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
| ||Weisan Zhang,Fengtan Li,Wenyuan Gao |
| ||Journal of the National Medical Association. 2017; 109(2): 142 |
|[Pubmed] | [DOI]|
||Is Unsedated Colonoscopy Gaining Ground Over Sedated Colonoscopy?
| ||Kaixian Zhang,Qianqian Yuan,Shuguang Zhu,Daheng Xu,Zhe An |
| ||Journal of the National Medical Association. 2017; |
|[Pubmed] | [DOI]|
||Selected Risk Nutritional Factors for Chemotherapy-Induced Polyneuropathy
| ||Jiri Grim,Alena Ticha,Radomir Hyspler,Martin Valis,Zdenek Zadak |
| ||Nutrients. 2017; 9(6): 535 |
|[Pubmed] | [DOI]|
||B Vitamin Complex and Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy
| ||Janet Schloss,Maree Colosimo |
| ||Current Oncology Reports. 2017; 19(12) |
|[Pubmed] | [DOI]|