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NURSING EDUCATION
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 186-191

Progress in diagnosis of breast cancer: Advances in radiology technology


Department of Nursing and Radiology, Missouri Southern State University, Joplin, MO, USA

Correspondence Address:
J Mari Beth Linder
Department of Nursing and Radiology, Missouri Southern State University, Joplin, MO
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-5625.158017

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Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer in females between the ages of 15 and 54, and the second leading cause of cancer death in women in the United States. Diagnosis begins with detection by breast examination (clinical breast exam or breast self-exam) or by radiologic studies, like mammography. Many advances in the diagnosis of breast cancer have taken place in recent years. This article will review the history of radiologic advances in the diagnosis of breast cancer. Use of technological advancements in digital breast tomosynthesis, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound in breast cancer diagnosis will be presented. Advantages and disadvantages of these diagnostic interventions when compared to older, traditional X-ray films will be discussed. It is important for all nurses, including radiology and oncology nurses, to be well informed about these varied diagnostic modalities, and appreciate the fact that advances in radiologic imaging technologies can yield improved outcomes for breast cancer patients.


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